Loose hardware and debris should be removed from the enclosures. Electrical equipment is a general term applied to material, 4. 1. DANGER: Never attempt to clean electrical power equipment while its energized. Don’t neglect your electrical distribution system. Electricity and water make a dangerous combination, so always keep electrical equipment away from rain and water. Insulation should be tested to determine whether it has been properly reconditioned before re-energizing equipment. Some autoscrubbers have acid-cell or gel batteries. The written plan must include specific instructions regarding documentation of compliance in an equipment maintenance log. CAUTION: Cleaning with compressed air can create a hazard to personnel and cause equipment to fail or malfunction. Then push a coil cleaning brush (sold at home centers) into the coils, pull it back and vacuum it clean. The use of compressed air should comply with OSHA regulations in 29 CFR 1910.242(b), "Hand and Portable Powered Tools and Other Hand Held Equipment," including limiting air pressure for such cleaning to less than a gauge pressure of 208.85 kPa (30 psi) and the provision of effective chip guarding and appropriate personal protective equipment.  2. You should never start any home maintenance or repair work without proper preparation and safety tools. Rule no. Wiping off dirt with a clean, dry, lint-free cloth or soft brush is usually satisfactory if the apparatus is small, the surfaces to be cleaned are accessible, and only dry dirt is to be removed. Easy to check. 5 Make sure that dust or contamination is kept off high-voltage equipment. Knowledge of government regulations is required in handling asbestos, NFPA 70B: Recommended Practice for Electrical Equipment Maintenance, Infrared Thermography for Electrical Distribution Systems, Power Distribution Unit (PDU) Applications, Testing & Maintenance, Surge Arresters: Selection, Application and Testing Overview, Power Cable Testing and Diagnostics Overview, 4 Critical Tests for Evaluating HV Circuit Breaker Performance, Electrical Shock and Arc Flash PPE Overview, Electrical Drawings and Schematics Overview, Network Protector Basics: Applications, Operation, and Testing, Power Quality Analysis: Basic Theory and Applications Explained, Ground Fault Protection Systems: Performance Testing Basics, Zone Selective Interlocking (ZSI) Basic Principles. Arrange for maintenance when equipment is safely shut down and not in use. Responses are provided by NFPA staff on an informal basis. Neglecting the maintenance of electrical equipment over a long period of time will inevitably lead to costly emergency repairs and equipment failures in addition to elevated safety and property risks. Routine maintenance is designed to help keep equipment, machines, and buildings operating optimally. 3) To store and protect the large investment of cleaning supplies and equipment, your hospital has cleaning closets equipped with hooks, racks, shelves, sinks, and other items located in each department or on each floor. Check power cords, switches and connections for exposed wires or broken parts. Amputation & Caught-in Hazard s – machine guards on equipment are installed to protect our employees from moving parts. Check if there are frayed wires,  loose plugs ad connections. Determine the cleaning method by observing the type of contamination to be removed and the time allowed until the equipment needs to be returned to service. It ensures their operational viability and prevents fluctuations in the production process. An electrician can check your electric panel, replace damaged wires and test circuit breakers. Ensuring that the person(s) performing the maintenance are competent (e.g. Knowledge of government regulations is required in handling asbestos and other such materials. You never know. Handle equipment with care and make sure it does not bump on hard surfaces. A rag barely moistened (not wet) with a nonflammable solvent can be used for wiping. Being prepared for … Sufficient dry time is required when using liquid solvents or water to clean electrical equipment. Develop a tool storage system and instill its importance into your workers. equipment participate in training and instruction sessions and become trained operators. Abrasive blasting operations should comply with OSHA regulations in 29 CFR 1910.94(a), "Occupational Health and Environmental Control � Ventilation." Consider an EPM program — before a costly failure occurs. Safety must not be compromised and some ground rules need to be followed first. NFPA 70E mandates the employer's electrical safety program include consideration for condition of maintenance of electrical equipment and systems. In practice, a preventive maintenance program can be quite complex: there's a great deal of data to be collected and analyzed, and many competing tasks to schedule, prioritize and cost. Make cleaning and storing the tools a part of your entire cleaning system. Maintenance of Electrical Equipment In Buildings (photo credit: Critical Power Testing and Maintenance, LLC. Maintaining electrical equipment only accounts for 5 percent of electrical incidents, as the equipment generally is de-energized to perform scheduled maintenance. However, frequency is highly dependent on equipment conditions and operations. Start off with high value equipment and begin scheduling maintenance tasks with longer intervals first (annual then bi-annual) as they take up the most time and resources. A good regimen of maintenance for your tools is one thing that you can do to make sure that the tool you need is working when you need it. Any electrical preventive maintenance program should be performed in accordance with accepted industry standards and safety practices. Clean out the Dust To make sure that your electric tools are ready to go when you are, keep them clean and free of dust. When electrical equipment is subject to a clean and dry environment, cleaning is required more frequently than if the environment is humid with a significant amount of dust and other foreign matter. Ensuring that maintenance is performed as required. Electrical preventive maintenance is cost-effective in many ways, improves equipment efficiency and reduces utility bills. If the coils are located on the back, pull out your fridge to clean them. Preventive maintenance for general features including Lighting, Alarm Systems, Fire Extinguishers, Doors and Windows, and HVAC Systems also applies to this area. As with any internal combustion engine, proper maintenance is essential. Check electrical appliances and equipment before use.  2. Use personal protective equipment to protect the face and eyes from abrasives and flying debris, and the lungs from dust inhalation. Gel batteries don’t require maintenance. Heaters a. Check and ensure all the electrical connections and cables are well connected and that there are no lose wires or loosely placed cables. On many fridges, you get to the coils by removing the front grille. The facility must have a written plan for monitoring of all in-lab and HSAT patient-related equipment for electrical and mechanical safety. Keeping electrical equipment clean is an important part of any electrical preventive maintenance program, but using the wrong cleaning methods could be costly. Accumulated dirt, oil, or grease might require a solvent to be removed. But like many simple ideas, it can be challenging to make it a reality. maintenance activities and frequencies should be based on the specific operations and conditions of the equipment. Simply remove the debris from the brushes to minimize further maintenance problems. Bonus: The clean coils will cool more efficiently and save you money on your utility bill! When mopping, keep the mop bucket as far as practical from the switchgear to prevent damage from spillage. The basic guidelines regarding safe handling of electricity documented below will help you while working with electricity. 1. On many fridges, you get to the coils by removing the front grille. Cloth rags should be clean and free of oil, grease, and metallic deposits. These guidelines will help you maintain motor controls. Recommended Practice for Electrical Equipment Maintenance NFPA 70B details preventive maintenance for electrical, electronic, and communication systems and equipment -- such as those used in industrial plants, institutional and commercial buildings, and large multi-family residential complexes -- to prevent equipment failures and worker injuries. Determine the cleaning method by observing the type of contamination to be removed and the time allowed until the equipment needs to be returned to service.Sufficient dry time is required when using liquid solvents or water to clean electrical equipment. General Rules in the Use of Cleaning Equipment  1. The only way to be sure. Check if there are frayed wires, loose plugs ad connections. Solvents used for cleaning of electrical equipment should be selected carefully to ensure compatibility with materials being cleaned. Remember to observe all safe work practices and lockout/tag out procedures prior to cleaning. Compressed air should be dry and directed in a manner to avoid further blockage of ventilation ducts and recesses in insulations. Never use any appliance that is defective. Personnel should be properly qualified before cleaning electrical equipment. Removed the apparatus to a suitable location for cleaning, or other exposed equipment should be covered before cleaning starts to keep the debris out. Electrical power aparatus, such as transformers, regulators, air switches, circuit breakers, capacitors, and lightning arresters comprise the components necessary to perform these functions. Basic guidelines to control maintenance. Don't use waste rags when cleaning electrical equipment because lint will adhere to the insulation, acting as a further dirt-collecting agent, which can cause tracking. Often the equipment cannot be repaired and must be completely replaced. Test Equipment 101: The Basics of Electrical Testing, Circuit Breaker Control Schematic Explained, Protective Relay Protection Element Tests, Capacitive Reactance - How to Solve Series and Parallel Capacitors, Cleaning Methods for Electrical Preventive Maintenance. NFPA members and public sector officials may submit a question on an NFPA code or standard. Refer to the corresponding checklists. Maintenance Practices and General Information for Federal Buildings ... state, federal guidelines and regulations must be adhered to with respect to documentation, handling and disposal of refrigerants. When working with electrical items, make sure to unplug the unit or turn off the power to the specific circuit. Equipment enclosures and substation room filters should be cleaned at regular intervals and replaced if they are damaged or clogged. Never use any appliance that is defective. Treat all electrical devices as if they are live or energized. It is the opinion of the authors that OSHA drives this standard as well as the National Electrical Code (NEC) and NFPA 70E that deals with electrical safety. General Habits. Rule no. Materials Requirement Planning (MRP) a. Allow sufficient time for drying after cleaning equipment with a liquid solvent or water! A solid EPM program should include de-energized maintenance at least every three years on critical equipment, including the incoming electrical service from the utility. In poor environments, blow out dirt weekly; in normal environments, a quarterly or semi-annual cleaning should be adequate. Maintaining electrical equipment safety The law requires electrical equipment to be maintained to prevent danger. Cleanliness. Diesel Generator Routine General Inspection. Cleaning, exercising, lubricating, relay testing and breaker testing are conducted during a de-energized state. true NFPA 70E 225.3 requires a circuit breaker that has interrupted a fault approaching its interrupting rating to … New or unusual wear or loss of parts occurring after the cleaning can be detected during subsequent maintenance. General Rules in the Use of Cleaning Equipment Check electrical appliances and equipment before use. Disconnect the power source before servicing or repairing electrical equipment. They include: CMS maintenance guidance.The revised CMS State Operations Manual provides guidance for state personnel surveying hospitals on behalf of CMS. © National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 2020. Electric 15 c. Hot Water 20 d. Steam 20 10. licensed mechanic). General requirements for equipment maintenance include: Obtaining a copy of the maintenance schedule recommended by the manufacturer. 1) Fire safety Electrical outlet load Rule no. All cables are to be held firmly in place in truncking or suitable brackets with cable ties. The frequency of the activities should be based on actual conditions. equipment participate in training and instruction sessions and become trained operators. Included are 16 Annexes with helpful explanatory and recommended material. Machine & Equipment Hazardss. Electrical Hazards – equipment that uses electricity as a power source is a potential electrocution hazard. Shot blasting should not be used. In fact, one of the most important steps in good electrical maintenance is having a professional inspect your system at least once a year. Maintaining electrical equipment only accounts for 5 percent of electrical incidents, as the equipment generally is de-energized to perform scheduled maintenance. Retaining records of maintenance/service conducted. NFPA 70B has 35 chapters covering maintenance intervals and procedures for electrical equipment and systems. Readers are encouraged to refer to the complete man… If compressed air is used, protection should be provided against injury to workers' faces and eyes from flying debris and to their lungs from dust inhalation. Cleaning, exercising, lubricating, relay testing and breaker testing are conducted during a de-energized state. Be smart and use our preventive maintenance checklist to keep your electrical … Typical current range for locked rotor current, Gen Breakers Failed to close just "Click", Most common cause of failure of electrical equipment in service. If dirt interferes with a certain component, an entire production line can be shut down until the problem is identified. Electrical Preventive Maintenance (EPM) is the prac- tice of conducting routine inspections, tests, and the servicing of electrical equipment so that impending troubles can be detected and reduced, or eliminated. Rules Need to be maintained to prevent damage from spillage Take safety Precautions you Need Take... 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