[171], With the history of many neighbourhoods of the city such as Mylapore, Triplicane, and Tiruvanmiyur antedating that of the city, the architecture of Chennai ranges in a wide chronology. For example, Monaco, a principality located on France’s Mediterranean coast, is 2.02 square kilometers in size and has around 26,000 people per square kilometer. Thus the density of Chennai district is 26,553 people per square kilometer. The Benefits of Empire, Lady Lawley Cottage (Western Australian Red Cross) 2008 iBook, Notes on the Administration of Sir Arthur Lawley, Governor of Madras, 1906–1911. [135] Chennai has three parliamentary constituencies—Chennai North, Chennai Central and Chennai South—and elects 24 Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLAs) to the state legislature. Education in Chennai starts with two years of Kindergarten from age three onward and then follows the Indian 10+2+3 plan, ten years of school, two years of higher secondary education, and three years of undergraduate education.[403][404]. It consists of four broad-gauge sectors terminating at two locations in the city, namely Chennai Central and Chennai Beach. [136], The Greater Chennai Police is the main law enforcement agency in the city, with a jurisdiction of over 745 km2 (288 sq mi) catering to over 8.5 million people. “With about 26,000 persons per sq. [12] As of 2012[update], the city had 21 luxury hotels in the five-star category, with over 4,500 rooms in the inventory. Population density for this country. Tamil Nadu is situated approximately between 8° 5′ North and 13° 35′ North latitudes and 76° 15′ East and 80° 20′ East longitudes. [18], As of 2010, there were about 250 Parsis in Chennai. [350][351][352] Major ones include Express Avenue (EA), Citi Centre, Abirami mega mall, Spencer Plaza, Ampa Skywalk, Phoenix Market City and Forum Vijaya Mall. Malayala Manorama and Mathrubhumi are the major Malayalam dailies while major Telugu dailies include Eenadu, Vaartha, Andhra Jyothi and Sakshi. For other uses see, The Chennai metropolitan area also includes portions of, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. [230] The museum is managed by the Archaeological Survey of India and has in its possession, the first Flag of India hoisted at Fort St George after the declaration of India's Independence on 15 August 1947. After independence, the city hosted the Congress in 1955 in its suburb of Avadi.[148]. km. For example, in 2007 a major cyclone named "Cyclone Sidr" skipped Chennai and headed towards Bangladesh. The city, which had 85 percent of its area covered with aquatic plants until the 1970s, now has only 25 percent of its area covered with such plants. According to the 1991 Census, the biggest city was Greater Mumbai, with a population of 12.59 million, followed by Kolkata (11.02 million), Delhi (8.42 million), and Chennai (5.42 million). The city has a population density of 29,259.12 people per square mile, which is one of the highest in the world. [399] Chennai has a mix of public and private schools, some of which also receive financial support from the government. [342] The largest park is the 358-acre Tholkappia Poonga, developed to restore the fragile ecosystem of the Adyar estuary. [290] The city also houses the permanent back office of the World Bank, which is one of the largest buildings owned by the bank outside its headquarters in Washington, DC. 55% of the corridors in Phase I are underground and the rest are elevated. [12] The Quality of Living Survey rated Chennai as the safest city in India. [70] Madras was the only Indian city to be attacked by the Central Powers during World War I,[71] when an oil depot was shelled by the German light cruiser SMS Emden on 22 September 1914, as it raided shipping lanes in the Indian Ocean, causing disruption to shipping. Garbage collection in some of the wards is contracted to Ramky Enviro Engineers Limited, a private company,[163] while the Corporation looks after the removal and processing of solid waste in the others,[164] with a superintendent engineer managing the channels. The associated Agraharam architecture, which consists of traditional row houses surrounding a temple, can still be seen in these areas. [177] Since then, many of the colonial-era buildings in the city were designed in this style of architecture, which is most apparent around the Fort St. George built in 1640. This is the only central university, headquartered in Chennai to impart maritime education in India. The fall in the Telugu-speaking population has been attributed to the mass migration of Telugu-speakers from the city upon the formation of Andhra State in 1953 while the decrease in the proportion of people who spoke English as their mother tongue has been attributed to the departure of most Europeans and Anglo-Indians for the United Kingdom following India's independence in 1947. [258] It is estimated that about 400 financial industry businesses are headquartered in the city,[259] half of which are located in the areas of Mylapore, R. A. Puram, Nungambakkam and T. ; India 2020 population is estimated at 1,380,004,385 people at mid year according to UN data. Sikhism, Jainism, Buddhism and Zoroastrianismare oth… [47] From the 1st–12th century the region of present Tamil Nadu and parts of South India was ruled by the Cholas. The population density of China has changed from 104.5 in 1980 to 151.3 in 2019. Many of them live in Royapuram. [120] Floods are common during this period. 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