Big data describes the phenomenal growth, use, and accessibility of information. So the cost will double. Business Terminology. Virtualization is the development of a virtual version of an IT resource, such as a server, storage, device, or even operating system. The most recent Mac operating systems are Mavericks, Yosemite, and El Capitan. It’s that router’s job to pass outgoing traffic from your local devices to the Internet, and to pass incoming traffic from the Internet to your devices. Internet of Things (IoT): The Internet of Things, or IoT, refers to the billions of physical devices around the world that are now connected to the internet, all collecting and sharing data. IT professionals need to keep their skills updated and be on the lookout for disruptive technologies that could replace tech that is current in order to remain relevant in the industry. Define all known aliases to … Cookie: A small piece of information you may be asked to accept when connecting to certain servers via a web browser. What's more, the law states that employers should not discriminate against people with disabilities and that they should make reasonable adjustments to accommodate these people. In this post, we have addressed to some common moving terminology that you must understand very well before you engage with a professional moving company. Crowdsourcing means the outsourcing of your tasks to, well, a crowd of people. Database: A collection of information organized so that a computer application can quickly access selected information; it can be thought of as an electronic filing system. Wi-Fi: Wireless Fidelity; A generic term from the Wi-Fi Alliance that refers to of any type of 802.11 network (e.g., 802.11b, 802.11a, dual-band, etc.). IP Address: An Internet Protocol address, or IP address, is a numerical address that corresponds to your computer on a network. Examples of disruptive technology: Take a look at how far your own computer's storage has gone. Risk assessments help guide an organization in making rational decisions to improve their security posture and align risk with acceptable tolerance levels. If you have lost your computers and network during the disaster, you will need to buy before you could continue to operate. Teams / Microsoft Teams: Microsoft Teams is a unified communication and collaboration platform in Office 365 that combines persistent workplace chat, video meetings, file storage, and application integration. Contrast to a “dialog box” which is used to respond to prompts for input from an application. It displays the files from your hard disk instead of the web. The following is a glossary which defines terms used in mergers, acquisitions, and takeovers of companies, whether private or public.. Acquisition When one company is taking over controlling interest in another company. Definitions of spam usually include the aspects that email is unsolicited and sent in bulk. Terminology definition is - the technical or special terms used in a business, art, science, or special subject. In 2010, new rules were established to ensure consumers in new plans have access to an effective internal and external appeals process to appeal decisions. These devices are usually paired with a smartphone or other device that has access to the internet, but there are some devices that do not require a parent device to function. Being able to understand and manage AI is a growing need and responsibility for IT professionals. Our glossary of business terms provides definitions for common terminology and acronyms in business plans, accounting, finance, and other aspects of small business. What is a Network Switch: Unmanaged Switches: An unmanaged switch works right out of the box. TCP/IP: Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol; an agreed upon set of rules that tells computers how to exchange information over the Internet. Network: A group of interconnected computers capable of exchanging information. LAN: A local area network is a small network that’s confined to a local area. Sometimes may be referred to as a CRT. Publishing Company Circle Terminology Answersenvironment. Internet of Everything (IoE): Coined by Cisco, the term “Internet of Everything” is defined as the networked connection of people, process, data, and things. Another example would be its utility with a new software or service. Michael is also an expert in webmastering and loves to ride his sportsbike. 'Italy' is one option -- get in to view more @ The Web's largest and most authoritative acronyms and … Gigabyte (Gig or GB): 1024 x 1024 x 1024 (2 to the 30th power) bytes; it’s usually sufficient to think of a gigabyte as approximately one billion bytes or 1000 megabytes. Each is a different connection. 29 Responses to “20 Computer Terms You Should Know” yodz on September 14, 2010 9:00 am. Each term has its own definition and explanation of its relevance to IT professionals. Meaning of terminology. It provides a “gateway” between your LAN and WAN. Crowdsourcing takes away the task that you have to do in-house or by using an employee and letting a bigger group of people do it. Content management is a collection of tools, software, and processes that allow you to collect, manage, and publish information on any medium. These are individual characteristics of the user that are used as account or user verification, typically in line with traditional passwords. For instance, a customer relationship management software would be able to give businesses enough details about their customers from the level of communication that has been done by each customer and when. Just click and play. Professional Services Automation (PSA): Professional Services Automation is software, such as ConnectWise, designed to assist IT consultants and other service providers with project management and resource management for client projects and utilization rate management for billable staff. A company glossary is, in fact, a company’s (or more often a discipline’s) terminological dictionary usually containing comments or translations of unclear words, terms, or abbreviations. terminologyThe terminology used in the computer and telecommunications field adds tremendous confusion not only for the lay person, but for the technicians themselves. Network bandwidth is usually expressed in bits per second (bps); modern networks typically have speeds measured in the millions of bits per second (megabits per second, or Mbps) or billions of bits per second (gigabits per second, or Gbps). This is a common word to describe when a company gives money to a project, but it's caused confusion because sometimes sponsorship is defined by the kind of entity making the financial contribution (company vs individual), and sometimes it's defined by how much they are contributing (e.g. It allows businesses to save on costs, bring projects to the market in a lot less time, and enables them to effectively manage resources by allowing them to scale according to their needs. Customer relationship management refers to a set of processes, tools, technologies, and software that help businesses manage their relationships with their customers. Companies purporting themselves as culturally sensitive have pledged to consider employee complaints. Data Loss Prevention (DLP): Data loss prevention (DLP) is a set of tools and processes used to ensure that sensitive data is not lost, misused, or accessed by unauthorized users. That is, you will have a loosely defined group, which will do the work for you. A SOC within a building or facility is a central location from where staff supervises the site, using data processing technology.Typically, a SOC is equipped for access monitoring, and controlling of lighting, alarms, and vehicle barriers. A term company has a specified number of years designated for its term. It is part of the Microsoft Servers line of server products and is used by enterprises using Microsoft infrastructure products. I felt like it’s slowing me down on my net escapade. Corporate Headquarters*9160 Red Branch Road Suite W-1Columbia, Maryland 21045 Main: 410.720.3300*24/7 Network Operations Center, Baltimore, MD Office100 International Drive23rd Floor Baltimore, MD 21202Local: 443.853.9699, Washington, DC Office1300 I Street NW 4th Floor Washington, DC 20005Local: 202.410.2566. In contrast to bulk phishing, spear phishing attackers often gather and use personal information about their target to increase their probability of success. That cable plugs into an Ethernet port on your computer. Software: Any program that performs a specific function. SMB: The Server Message Block Protocol (SMB protocol) provides a method for client applications in a computer to read and write to files on and to request services from server programs in a computer network. We use cookies to make interactions with our websites and services easy and meaningful. The goal is to create machines or programs that can work, react, and respond like a human. Exploit Kits: An exploit kit or exploit pack is a type of toolkit cybercriminals use to attack vulnerabilities in systems so they can distribute malware or perform other malicious activities. This is different than a text-based interface. Mail server: A networked computer dedicated to supporting electronic mail. While business continuity involves planning for keeping all aspects of a business functioning in the midst of disruptive events, disaster recovery focuses on the IT or technology systems that support business functions. Hostnames: A hostname is a human-readable label that points to a device connected to a network. Abandonment: Abandonment is defined as the voluntary surrender of property which may either be owned or leased, without naming a successor as owner or tenant. Microsoft Exchange: Microsoft Exchange Server is the server side of a client–server, collaborative application product developed by Microsoft. Computers where restricted information is stored may require you to enter your username and password to gain access. Examples: word processing, spreadsheet calculations, or electronic mail. An ISP offers a variety of services for a variety of prices: web page access, email, web page hosting, and so on. UIC offers a terminology forum for the railway community via a mailing list. All moving related actions from beginning to end. Windows are particularly useful on multitasking systems which allow you to perform a number of different tasks simultaneously. FTP: File Transfer Protocol; a method of exchanging files between computers via the Internet. HTML: HyperText Markup Language; a language used for creating web pages. A business glossary differs from a data dictionary in that its focal point, Data Governance, goes beyond a data warehouse or database. Glossary of business terms - A to Z. Certification for ITIL® is also highly sought after and could help you build a career in IT, as well as give you a higher salary. When installed on a web server, it activates the padlock and the https protocol (over port 443) and allows secure connections from a web server to a browser. Once installed, it is possible to connect to the website over https://www.domain.com, as this tells the server to establish a secure connection with the browser. Spam: Email spam, also known as junk email or unsolicited bulk email (UBE), is a subset of spam that involves nearly identical messages sent to numerous recipients by email. It is a critical component of any technology vendor contract. The employee’s wage is constant over a production range of 1 to 100 tables. USB port: An interface used for connecting a Universal Serial Bus (USB) device to computer; these ports support plug and play. The cloud, simply, refers to software and services that run on the Internet instead of your computer. You will also be working with experts from the cloud service provider. Ransomware: Ransomware is a type of malicious software, or malware, designed to deny access to a computer system or data until a ransom is paid. This is how you can have multiple applications on a computer using the network and each application knows which traffic is for it. Liabilities are debts your business owes another person or entity. People, operations, and information are the other three. But to ignore big data is a mistake for organizations. It also encompasses deletion of content. Exploit kits are packaged with exploits that can target commonly installed software such as Adobe Flash®, Java®, Microsoft Silverlight®. Microsoft Windows: A group of operating systems for PC or compatible computers; Windows provides a graphical user interface so you can point and click to indicate what you want to do. Annual Percentage Rate – in a nutshell, is the amount of interest a bank or lender charges on money that it lends. But that is not the only reason why CRM tools, processes, and software are very important, as it also enables businesses to know just what a customer needs. IT is one of the resources that is managed in enterprise architecture. Your ISP provides you with a connection to their own WAN, which connects to the Internet. Pivot Door Company will hire a local third party moving company to move your crate from your FedEx local dock or accept delivery at your job site. IT governance is just corporate governance that is focused on information technology systems. Start studying Company terminology. By structuring and establishing your corporate key terms and phrases in glossaries – or termbases – every person working on your content can access the correct terminology. Haulier is used primarily in the UK, but elsewhere 'trucking company' is used more often. Disaster recovery: Disaster recovery is the process, policies and procedures related to preparing for recovery or continuation of technology infrastructure critical to an organization after a natural or human-induced disaster. The Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL®) sets forth the best practices and standards for providing IT services. Files can contain documents or programs and can be ASCII text or binary data. How to be a technical recruiter. A network can be as few as several personal computers on a LAN or as large as the Internet, a worldwide network of computers. Cache: A set of files saved on your hard disk that help your browser display pages you have already visited more quickly. Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA): An authentication method in which a computer user is granted access only after successfully presenting two or more pieces of evidence to an authentication mechanism: knowledge, possession, and inherence. Terminology facilitates clear internal and external communications - using consistent terminology for products, job descriptions,… First, you have the 5.25 inch floppy disk drive, which replaced those bulky 8-inch floppy disks. The computer name is at the lowest level of the hierarchy. Social engineering aims to take advantage of a potential victim’s natural tendencies and emotional reactions. These are usually classified as current or fixed. Wireless (networking): The ability to access the Internet without a physical network connection. These servicesprovide businesses with their own servers and also provide ful… Domain: Part of an Internet address. Machine learning is the ability of a program to develop and progress in a specific task without using explicit instructions, allowing the program to rely on patterns and inference instead. : Protocols are different ways of communicating over the Internet. VoIP: Voice over Internet Protocol; a means of using the Internet as the transmission medium for phone calls. Assets. An advantage is you do not incur any additional surcharges beyond the cost of your Internet access. Business intelligence allows you to cut costs, make better business decisions, and even come up with new opportunities for your business. For instance, a customer relationship management software would be able to give businesses enough details about their customers from the level of communication that has been done by each customer and when. As a software developer, you want to have as many potential users as possible. One reason for this is that technology is usually ancillary to a company's goals. DHCP: Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol; a protocol that lets a server on a local network assign temporary IP addresses to a computer or other network devices. Male connector: A cable connector that has pins and plugs into a port or interface to connect one device to another. Managed Security Service Provider (MSSP): A managed security service provider (MSSP) provides outsourced monitoring and management of security devices and systems. This contrasts with the traditional method of having point solutions for each security function. Knowing how to make and manage a functioning GUI is essential for many fields. Cyber Physical Attacks: A security breach in cyberspace that impacts on the physical environment. It also involves a human element: Security providers provide their MDR customers access to their pool of security researchers and engineers, who are responsible for monitoring networks, analyzing incidents, and responding to security cases. The moving company will then … The cost for a moving company to transport household items to their final destination. ITIL®: The Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL®) sets forth the best practices and standards for providing IT services. Alias: A short, easy to remember name created for use in place of a longer, more complicated name; commonly used in e-mail applications. Liabilities. IT is one thing to have a programmable AI that responds the same way in every circumstance, but with machine learning, the AI is able to assess and develop new solutions to become something more than it was originally developed for without human intervention. For the best possible experience on our website, please accept cookies. DevOps is complementary with Agile software development; several DevOps aspects came from Agile methodology. What is a Network Switch: Managed Switches: A managed network switch is configurable, offering greater flexibility and capacity than an unmanaged switch. Examples of data centers include the National Climatic Data Center, which houses weather information, and your own company's data center. Various instructions and sets of tags are used to define how the document will look. This means that the code is kept simple, is tested often, and, instead of waiting for everything to be finished, incremental but functional parts of the software are released as soon as they are ready. It defines the kinds of calls or requests that can be made, how to make them, the data formats that should be used, the conventions to follow. Cloud computing is an umbrella term that includes products, services, and platforms that allow businesses and other users to access computing resources that are delivered to them over the Internet or other networks. Hyperconverged Infrastructure (HCI): Hyperconverged infrastructure is a software-defined IT infrastructure that virtualizes all of the elements of conventional "hardware-defined" systems. Network Operations Center (NOC): A network operations center, also known as a "network management center", is one or more locations from which network monitoring and control, or network management, is exercised over a computer, telecommunication or satellite network. This can include speech recognition, learning, planning, and problem-solving. To start and run a business, you often need to understand business terms that may not be well defined in a standard dictionary. The term VPN was originally used to describe a secure connection over the Internet. Cross-platform, however, is more focused on software that can run on any operating system and on any processor architecture. By design, a blockchain is resistant to modification of the data. If your IT system is compromised, so will your operations. SSL Certificates bind together: An organizational identity (i.e. Serial port: An interface on a computer that supports transmission of a single bit at a time; can be used for connecting almost any type of external device including a mouse, a modem, or a printer. Open-source programs include access to their source code, which allows for customization in a collaborative public manner. Protocol – TCP, UDP, ICMP, etc. some Collectives call everything over $1000 'sponsorship' regardless of who gives it). What this means is that a lot more of their users are using Firefox and keeping their devotion to the browser. It tracks and maintains your desktops, routers, mobile devices, and networks from a centralized console. Many companies now have IT departments for managing the computers, networks, and other technical areas of their businesses. Spear Phishing: Phishing attempts directed at specific individuals or companies is known as spear phishing. Join us for practical tips, expert insights and live Q&A with our top experts. It includes data mining, analysis, and reporting. Two-factor authentication is a type, or subset, of multi-factor authentication. A. Microsoft Azure: Microsoft Azure, commonly referred to as Azure, is a cloud computing service created by Microsoft for building, testing, deploying, and managing applications and services through Microsoft-managed data centers. Because of the size and complexity of big data, it is not possible to understand it using old data processing applications and other traditional tools. Megabyte (Meg or MB): 1,024 x 1,024 (2 to the 20th power) bytes; it’s usually sufficient to think of a megabytes as one million bytes. The terms that are listed here are just your basic networking terminology, but they frequently come up during your typical interview with a prospective employer. What's more, it has backend programming and interfaces that only IT could deliver. For example, a firewall could block incoming traffic on a certain port or block all incoming traffic except traffic coming from a specific IP address. Share: The portion or part that is allocated among cost centers or cost objects. Fixed, or long-term assets, include equipment or land. It refers to anything related to computing technology, such as networking, hardware, software, the Internet, or the people that work with these technologies. ITIL® is a highly credible framework that all IT professionals should consult and adhere to when doing their jobs. Output devices include printers, monitors, projectors and speakers. Devices: Input devices include things like microphones, keyboards, mouse, touchpads, wheels, joysticks, etc. WAP: Wireless Application Protocol; a set of communication protocols for enabling wireless access to the Internet. Every business has assets, which in its simplest terms are items with value. CSS: Cascading Style Sheet; A set of rules that define how web pages are displayed using CSS, designers can create rules that define how page. For one, it allows their employees to be more flexible and responsive. Many business … IT is short for Information Technology and is pronounced as separate letters. Static weighting Handy definitions of financial and economic jargon - from libor and quantitave easing to black swans and dead cat bounces. Disaster recovery is a subset of business continuity. Gross profit, margin, markup, net profit, overheads, revenue, turnover. URL: A uniform resource locator, or URL, is also known as a web address. To learn more please click here. Traditional databases are organized by fields, records (a complete set of fields), and files (a collection of records). But they also have to balance these with the costs. Ethernet card: An adapter card that fits into a computer and connects to Ethernet cabling; different types of adaptor cards fit specific computers. Data center: Facility used to house computer systems and associated components, such as telecommunications and storage systems. Switch: A switch serves as a controller, enabling networked devices to talk to each other efficiently. Bring Your Own Device, or BYOD, describes company policy or strategy that allows employees to use their personally owned devices, such as smartphones, tablets, and laptops to access work-related information, software, and applications, while still getting IT support for these devices. environment-friendly innovations and technology, Access thousands of videos to develop critical skills, Give up to 10 users access to thousands of video courses, Practice and apply skills with interactive courses and projects, See skills, usage, and trend data for your teams, Prepare for certifications with industry-leading practice exams, Measure proficiency across skills and roles, Align learning to your goals with paths and channels. More than just a glossary, each term page goes into further detail with insights, real world examples and great related resources. Help desk: A help desk is an information and assistance resource that troubleshoots problems with computers or similar products. Gateway: A gateway is a device that routes traffic between networks. Devices such as cell phones and PDAs that allow you to send and receive email use a wireless Internet connection based on a protocol called WAP (Wireless Application Protocol). APT Threats: An advanced persistent threat (APT) is a stealthy computer network threat actor, typically a nation-state or state-sponsored group, that gains unauthorized access to a computer network and remains undetected for an extended period. Terminology can be transmitted variety of sizes and resolutions an adapter card or network has. And icons for disks and applications, data, to fix or improve it managed service provider a... 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