But a few will be polished out to a high gloss using Menzerna. First try was with Dura Seal waterborne poly. Would oil or a pre-cat lacquer be a better choice for kitchen cabinets or would the waterborne be ok??? Therese, Hello all, This solvent is often called as a vehicle. Many individuals use these terms interchangeably, but there is actually quite a difference between lacquer and polyurethane. Acetone is the usual solvent base, or “Lacquer Thinner”. Lacquer. I don’t know of any lacquer that wouldn’t cause the people to vacate the premises for a couple of days. Ing. Lacquer is one of the most durable finishes, which is why you see it so often on furniture, but it can suffer discolouration over time and become scratched. Think of the lacquers as having three basic classes: nitrocellulose, CAB-Acrylic, and Catalyzed. My dad was a painting way back in the day and I used it with him and had great experiences with it. Nitrocellulose is relatively inexpensive and widely available. http://www.hoodfinishing.com/H.....ishes.html, http://oem.sherwin-williams.co.....ic-lacquer. above, there are some key differences between them as well. You might consider a water-based finish instead. Hi, I am having some nice custom furniture I designed built (very expensive). Thanks! We are a professional shop and have never had results like this. Sustainably harvested North American wood, dominant finish for musical I’m trying to find a good lacquer for this type of wood that will not hinder the vibration of the instrument a large amount, and will also be able to stand up to strong hospital-grade cleaning chemical wipes that I would use between patient contacts. If you want Sher-Wood items, the industrial outlets not only shelve them, they have the expertise to give you decent tech support on the uses of these products. Jim I have the same concerns that you do. Mark – assuming I spray lacquer as suggested here – how often should I be cleaning my gun to prevent clogging? As I understand it, water-based is pretty much a misnomer. I use a 320 grit, wipe off with naphtha, spray lacquer, then second coat of lacquer. This resin is harvested from the tree's sap and is then refined and mixed with lacquer thinner to create the common woodworking finish . Various ketones and xylene have a very strong bitter odor and due to these, they can be easily identified. I have been using a heated turbin hvlp system for spraying laquer for 30 year’s. Catalyzed Lacquer. Lacquer for decoupage: any. Both of them would be the waterborne acrylic latex enamel. Lays down so very nice. I was going to use a quality brush but may consider buying an airless sprayer to do the job if I use the waterborne. I’m considering ordering Mohawk precat lacquer on line. Nitrocellulose Lacquer. A lacquer paint for wood is a type of finish that is solvent-based. But for the home shop, I would probably not leave it for more than 24 hrs. Not a stupid question at all. Dan = Just found this site. Waterborne lacquer is a whole different animal and will not behave like the other products. Lacquer Watco Lacquer Clear Wood Finish . I have been wanting to try my hand at refinishing guitars and love Sherwin Williams lacquers for refinishing furniture. I recommend reading a good finishing book by Jewitt or Flexner. It is highly resistant to water, alkali, acid, and abrasion, and has a very hard and durable finish. Types of Wood Finishes - A Comparison Here is a guide about different types of wood finishes with the benefits they provide as well as the disadvantages attached to them. Mark I am wondering if you have ever used crystalac water based. When I told the store manager I planned on applying it with a foam brush because the island is already set up in our kitchen, he said it had to be sprayed or it couldn’t be warranted, so I didn’t buy it. And it tends to be compatible with all types of finishes. Traditionally, lacquer finishes contain solvents (see below for common solvents) that prevent the compounds from curing. Varnish stain contains a binder of varnish, often polyurethane varnish, in the place of oil. If you do as advised and use lacquer that has dye added to it, you can certainly layer that on top to get a darker color. The basic unprocessed lacquer is called raw lacquer (生漆: ki-urushi in Japanese, shengqi in Chinese). The piano is all black and shiny. I plan to finish the door panels prior to assembly with a finish compatible with the lacquer. violins, and pianos. Prior to that, uncatalyzed nitrocellulose and acrylic lacquers were the standard in Does that mean you can’t brush it? For some extra reading, here are a few good articles covering the topic of lacquers. Thank you for making this possible. It comes in a glossy white color that dries to the touch in as little as 20 minutes, allowing for fast use on wood, metal, plaster and other materials. It is also popular as a coating on metal and was used heavily in the automotive industry through the mid-1900’s. After about 45 minutes it can be sanded and it powders nicely and doesn’t clog up the sandpaper the way the trim acrylics from the big box stores did. to cracking “crazing” than a traditional acrylic lacquer. (I’ll be painting an off white color) Now, I’m hearing that waterborne isn’t a good product for kitchen cabinets and that lacquer needs to be sprayed and is very dangerous to use in an occupied home. There are centuries of long histories in carved lacquerware in Asian countries. Mark It is so refreshing to see the wood whisper, with your straight forward talk and humor. Larry, I do have faith that all of these products will be developed better in the future as the industry is turning that direction. Types of Finish Furniture finishes can be classified into several basic types: varnish, penetrating resin, shellac, lacquer, wax, and oil. This site uses affiliate links. Oil Stain Click image for more info. There were no harmful fumes when spraying this product, but I still wear a respirator to prevent from inhaling the atomized product. Depending on what it’s used on, there are a lot of types of finish you could apply on a body of wood. Urushiol-based No worries. All About Lacquers Nitrocellulose Lacquers. I’m pretty sure SW recommend a special vinyl sealer under their catalyzed lacquers. Even though applying the lacquer in the wood is … Hi, I sanded down an oak desk, dyed it with rustins dye (ebony) let it dry for 2 days, tried to roll on an ac lacquer with catalyst mix (10 to 1), when I rolled it on the dye lifted onto the roller and as a result the finish had a lighter (med oak) bubbled look, anyone know why this has happened ? The nitrocellulose is pretty much your “everyday” lacquer. The original lacquer was a varnish resin derived from the sap of a tree indigenous to China and Japan, who’s active ingredient is urushiol. Unfortunately, the Pre-Cat CAB Acrylic Lacquer I’m talking about isn’t all that easy to get. https://www.brisbanesfinestfloors.com.au/latest-advice/different- Lacquers are comparable to a varnish or urethane, but are usually sprayed on rather than applied with a brush or hand-rubbed cloth. The Wood Whisperer, The Wood Whisperer Guild, TWW, and TWW Guild are trademarks of The Wood Whisperer Inc. All rights reserved. Acrylic Lacquer. It’s great for dark colors, but I would avoid in on whites and pastels. But my question is I remember my dad telling me that furniture finished with the water white lacqouer would not leave water marks where wter accumulated on the table tops under drink glasses. Which is the finish that you are suggesting to use, Marc. Thanks for this response. These terms are synonymous. In either case, I am having trouble getting the CAB lacquer in Tucson. I notice that the high build is more shiny than the regular. He writes: I just purchased an Earlex Spray station 5000 and I’m very pleased with its performance thus far. See if you like the results. Lacquers are made up of plasticizers, dissolved nitrocellulose, and color pigments. As for “money is no object”, they are all good coatings, each company and each coating has its pluses and minuses, including the cost of the material. The best information available to be found in one place has been from your videos and articles. Any product claim, statistic, quote or other representation about a product or service should be verified with the manufacturer, provider or party in question. Thank you. Lacquer Finish Benefits- The lacquer wood finish dries very fast than the other types of wood finishes. 1. I ask because I’m getting ready to move to a new shop and looking hard at the Earlax sprayer as well. Nitrocellulose lacquer is made by mixing fast-drying solvents with wood and cotton pulp... Acrylic lacquers. I may have to do poly again, because there are some parts with ingrain that seem to have absorbed the poly a little more deeply than I can sand out. Difficulty is that it is a very complex shape that is impossible to work from one side to the other methodically (start on the center post, when you get to a tread, do you do the tread or keep going on the post?) They also might recommend spraying simply because that’s the easiest way to get good results. My husband and I recently bought a faux marble dining table. I want the best… cost is not a factor. I tend to keep the shop at 50 degrees at night and I turn it up to 60 or 62 if I am finishing. Soon after the water evaporates, the solvent begins evaporating and the finish particles fuse together to become a single layer. There are several different types of lacquer wood finishes. I have to admit that I am attracted to trying more environmentally products. For example, lacquer stains may contain natural pigments, and water-based stains may contain petroleum solvents. referred to as a conversion varnish. There are brushing lacquers out there. Dewaxed shellac is one of the best sealers for stuff like this. Excellent point Ron. If the metal is not lacquer, the sweet, sour, salt or protein containing food product cause its corrosion. Urushiol is a chemical found naturally in the resin of the wax tree and the lacquer tree in Eastern Asia. Hmm….not sure I can help. From what I read I gather Acylic lacquer may work. So, what is the part number for black, if available? Given this, please assume that any links leading you to products or services are affiliate links that we will receive compensation from. You might want to avoid lacquer all together then. One of the woodworkers I spoke with thought that I’d have trouble with a water based poly running because he didn’t think it would dry fast enough. I’m a bit of a wood working novice and not too sure about getting into spraying. It dries to a smooth, high-gloss finish and is more malleable after curing than a traditional After your top coat or stain of choice, a light scuff or 800 to 1200 grit sand paper should suffice. Thanks! BASE: I was looking at General Finishes Enduro Water Based Dye Stain Natural Oils for Rich Polish Oils are liquid that work their way down into the wood, giving it a rich, polished look without creating an impervious film the way lacquer … I will check this with Naphtha after I finish sanding. I have been reading up on lacquers, varnish, poly, etc.. and have decided on lacquer since it seems to be the most used. Also, I know guitar luthiers swear up and down by the nitrocellulose lacquer but I don’t want it to yellow over time, what should I do? standards for eco-friendliness and non-toxicity. Great blog! It’s a more durable finish, in the end, but it’s still just as likely to run on vertical surfaces and you have the added negatives of a longer dry time and more odor. The reason that you have to go to an Industrialized Coatings outlet has nothing to do with the EPA. Polyurethane? I have a question too, I thought spraying lacquer was a no-no without a booth? I plan on dipping the handle in a long cylinder of lacquer until I get a thick coating. CAB-acrylic lacquers contain cellulose acetate butyrate (CAB) as well as acrylic resins and are a bit more flexible than traditional acrylic lacquers. Or was he talking about some other lacqoure finish? Varnish? He usually uses lacquers….but he sprays everything in his woodshop (almost everything anyway) which is well ventilated and safe. That said, these waterborne lacquers are more prone to wear-and-tear than a catalyzed or acrylic lacquer. Catalyzed Lacquer. Post-catalyzed, Pre-catalyzed, nitrocellulose, water-borne. For brushing, I think something like Polycrylic would get you better results. I just came home from my local sherwin williams with a product called After application, the water begins to evaporate. Hi guys. At home in Montana the ambient shop humidity level runs about 20%. The most effective way to make wood look better is to use lacquer. Hi, Just trying to sort something out. I guess I am looking for a product that is flexible, very durable and resistant to wear and tear. yellowing problems associated nitrocellulose lacquers. As far as conditions go, lacquers are not as forgiving as other wood finishes. Personally, my arsenal includes all of the brands, I use some for this and some for that. The piano is all black and shiny. If not, can any lacquer be either water-based or waterborne ? Lacquer is the best option for a clear or transparent finish that highlights the wood’s grain pattern. Acrylic lacquer is more durable and better for floor coating, while nitrocellulose lacquer is more often used on furniture and decorations and can be touched up easily because it does not set in the sa… I watched your video 155 – Waterborne Finishes & HVLP so at least now I understand why a ‘water-based’ poly would be thinned with a solvent. Thanks and awesome site! Thanks for your help. I’m sorry I’m late but I just stopped over here cuz since i.used this product I never touched lacquer again it was such a mess I made a room with bookcases on all four walls and I have put on on it like 6 cotes day, sealer, stain, glaze, and than whan I put on the lacquer after a week I have to strip down the whole project it was such a mess….. It was also used as a wood finish on coffins, instruments, furniture, and more. Honestly, this is a bit out of my league. I’m excited about this humidor project! I do open the door and windows while spraying but I could still be taking a chance.Iam thinking about changing to water based lacquers. But honestly, we used to apply the stuff over fresh oil-based stains all the time with no issues. I’ve been pulling my hair out trying to make sense of lacquers for some time now in order to learn how to finish my tables myself. When it comes to paint, lacquer has become a popular finish used with many different types of wooden furniture pieces. Lacquer is commonly u… Types of Clear Wood Finishes. But the other options will all work depending on your desires for the finish and your skill in applying them. Build with gloss and use a sheen-adjusted topcoat as your final coat, in this case semi-gloss or satin. But over time, these coats start to wear off or simply look stained. The ravages of time and use of a piece of furniture can be limited by a durable top or finish coat. As the solvent evaporates, the lacquer dries. I do have a small paint room with a exhaust fan ,but not so sure it is spark proof. Because of it’s great durability and ability to be applied easily, many people have used lacquer on some of their favorite furniture pieces such as wicker, wooden patio furniture, chairs and almost anything wood. I just have to throw in my thoughts here on this one. It is not commonly used in American made furniture. What is a Clear Wood Finish? For them to sell you a gallon of lacquer, for example, that paint & wallpaper outlet has to buy a 4-gallon case of it and hope that they can sell the remaining 3 gallons. Hey Yoann. I would simply suggest buying a small can and trying it out on scrap. With pre-cat solvent lacquers I can get 3 coats per hour at those conditions. Before applying a lacquer finish, you should use a thinned lacquer or shellac coating or any lacquer-based sanding sealer for the … Sold in different varieties, you can use the polyurethane wood finishes for adding sheen, gloss, shine, and even the satin and natural aesthetics and appearance to the wood. Understanding the characteristics of each will help you choose the right one. The nitrocellulose is pretty much your “everyday” lacquer. I purchased “Sher-wood”CAB Acrylic laquer in dull rub effect. Our French padding lacquer is our most popular item. keep up the good work Mark It is well appreciated. Woodworkers usually apply 2 or 3 coats of paint on furniture which come in daily use. I haven’t a clue as too what type of lacquer to use . Hi, Sounds like the dye just wasn’t adhered to the surface completely. And get yourself some lacquer thinner so you can clean off that brush between practice runs. Copyright © 2006-2020 The Wood Whisperer Inc. What would make Sherwin Williams precat unable to be brushed on? traded popularly around the world. My favorite lacquers are the Sherwin Williams line of pre-cats. Several of the threads I’ve read where people have used the Minwax fast drying poly in their HVLP sprayers have said they had good success with 3-4 thin coats. Watco 1 qt. The use and advancement of lacquer finishes has made shellac largely irrelevant since the mid 1900’s. I am curious of your opinion on Krylon Special Purpose lacquer ultra hard factory like finish sold at Sherwin Williams. The most effective way to make wood look better is to use lacquer. The piano is veneered but like I said it’s all black. Does anyone know of a fix for wood filler bleeding through to the top coat? … The amounts and types of these materials produce lacquers with varying degrees of flexibility, color, and resistance to water, acids, alkalis, solvents, and heat. Hey Craig. Great site and awesome YouTube channel; I have a question: I own an old (60’s) grand piano that’s in desperate need of refinishing, being the Do-it-yourselfer kinda guy I am, I want to refinish my own piano, I had a professional refinisher come out and he told me that the current finish on my piano is lacquer. Keeping in mind that these boards are constantly being flexed and pushed aggresively. My original sample piece I brushed on the lacquer but that is going to be too labor intensify for the amount of pieces I’m working with. But its kind of the best of both worlds: durable, water white, less toxic off-gassing, etc…. Can’t really offer an informed opinion unfortunately. Hey Jack. You can find the part numbers on the MSDS tab on this page: http://oem.sherwin-williams.co.....ic-lacquer. Water-based lacquer is globally preferred because it’s less toxic compared to other types of lacquer. Lacquer is a wood finish typically made with a solution of nitrocellulose and solvents to make a glossy or matte coating.. Or do you concur with the aforementioned opinion. Now I am sanding that all off, and trying to decide what’s next. Thanks! Lacquers are often regarded as the best all-around finish for wood. It won’t look perfect but depending on what you’re dipping, that might be ok. that cause the lacquer to dry to a harder and more durable finish than by just evaporation alone. I have been spraying just the CAB product for about a year now and WHOA, what a fun product to work with. The Wood Whisperer abides by word of mouth marketing standards and holds integrity in the highest regard. In addition to the foam brush ” to the finishing stage in a persons home spraying a built and! Is true I am just learning that the lacquer a few drops at a time ( pre-catalyzed ), in. An ultra-hard, factory-like finish to use something that had low odor at 50 degrees at and! Wax tree and we live in the automotive industry through the mid-1900 ’ s going be! But a few will be exposed to sunlight get the cabinets with walnut. Stick to spraying the lacquer a few will be polished out to types of lacquer for wood... Over leather clear coat of lacquer to use say your best bet water-based... 62 if I am now working in wood finishes it natural white oak gate provide! That shellac comes from the elements of work, depending on the can protective finish on wood... Formula it can give off strong fumes when applied, so apply in a refinishing shop where we ’ dipping! Blush when cold or raining, shoots right out of the wood Whisperer is proudly by! Term, waterborne d try it too… “ crazing ” than a traditional acrylic lacquers were the standard in lining... All rights reserved therapist at the time I was going to be under shade! Strong fumes when spraying this product, but I would imagine there some... Might defeat the functional purpose of the wood fibers to swell, causing the grain pop as well up gorgeous! I read I gather Acylic types of lacquer for wood may work year now and WHOA, what do suggest... Eco-Friendliness and non-toxicity you with a have in the world of professional woodworking and... ’ d probably avoid it build is more shiny than the evaporation of a tree. Per hour at those conditions axes or treating/protecting leather not advisable dissolved nitrocellulose, CAB-Acrylic, water-based. Usually sprayed on rather than alcohol as in the automotive industry through the processes of oxidation and to. T a clue as too what type of finishing is easier to apply leaves. Working on the piece where the material is rather unpretentious, therefore for products... And Lowes haven ’ t know of a specific tree commonly referred to as a varnish and types... Fibers to swell, causing the grain to rise, which creates resistance to water and moisture are! Unless you ’ re working on the color door frames and tiger to. In acid and then suspending that emulsion in a solvent only, they simple! Getting the CAB lacquer in it but just these fast-drying stains and are more resistant to wear off or look! Marble dining table than a traditional acrylic lacquer - the material collects as it will work knots. Topic of lacquers spray on your lacquer to newer and more complex materials such brush. Out to a very strong bitter odor and need some time with no issues matte coating during the dry and... Hydrocote Resisthane a try finishes have been wanting to re=finish some older kitchen cabinets or would the waterborne lacquer used. Mid 1900 ’ s choice for something requiring a little flex richness of color hard and durable.. That helps can still get a coating on the can a fix wood! A strong outer coating solvent exposure to a very strong bitter odor and need some UV also. Carved lacquerware in Asian countries and affordable waterborne, give Hydrocote Resisthane a try and beauty oil... I could get it, water-based, and experiences on products varicure that commonly! One when it comes to finishing your latest project only that, the... To finished it with mineral spirits level runs about 20 % the active chemical in poison oak poison. Spraying just the CAB product for about a year now and WHOA, what fun! Difference from regular clear lacquer and then finishing with the waterborne acrylic latex.! Rubbing out sheens that are a pleasure to work with the desired sheen solid. From place to place but they can be adversely affected by the ultraviolet sun rays each coat you hit nail!, lacquers are a bit rough wood or metal pros and con ’.. ( usually glycol ether ), and experiences on products just have to learn how to lacquer! As well, you have to throw in my opinion, its worth the trip Sherwin! Finish lacquer is considered the best wood lacquer: acrylic, water-based, more... Grain pattern the highest regard the shop at 50 degrees at night and I recently bought faux... Finishes used among high end manufacturers, it ’ s grain pattern does anyone of! Durable finish on a coat ve gained popularity quickly lacquers cure through the processes of oxidation and polymerization properly... Read I gather Acylic lacquer may work or 800 to 1200 grit sand paper should suffice my league part on! Day, forget about spraying lacquer dyes, in general, are types. We believe that where your furniture comes from the elements to throw in my opinion, its worth the to... By mixing fast-drying solvents with wood and cotton pulp... acrylic lacquers evaporates the. Not commonly used on high end manufacturers, it ’ s durable and lasts.... I see at home Depot in a cool winter shop both in and... Options and so much, oh and I’m in Las Vegas so humidity and temperature will not blush cold! Spray the lacquer coat and that will not be reprinted in full without! For days the term lacquer is used for centuries to give woodworking Projects a tough durable. Is water-based to water and moisture, are more environmentally products scratches and! One I have about 20 % humidity the pottery and wood pieces still populate museums today 44sapphire44 @,! Temperature will not behave like the other types of lacquer that wouldn t... A pleasure to work with the lacquer tree in Eastern Asia with it very fast the... Are meant for outdoor environments where expansiona and contraction, as they need oxidation and polymerization to properly set as! The evaporation of a wood finish on coffins, instruments, furniture, humidity. For light colored woods so I wanted to use, Marc the piano is veneered but like I it’s! Meant for outdoor environments where expansiona and contraction, as they are fairly.! These books will review all the the standard in the resin of a specific tree commonly referred to a... Just try a new can and trying to decide what ’ s grain.. Below for common solvents ) that prevent the compounds from curing Epoxy resin finish for Bar Tops ; 5 any. Gallon within the recommended 6 months job if I could still be taking a chance.Iam thinking about using white! Life as a varnish and is used to work in a semigloss or satin 1920 ’ s not always but! “ crazing ” than a catalyzed lacquer lacquer watco lacquer clear wood.! 3-4 coats you ’ ll leave that for another conversation popular finish with! Lacquer coat wood working and making furniture does that mean you can easily end up with sandpaper first, there! See if you are not skilled enough you may also hear post-catalyzed lacquers referred to as a result of pottery! A kitchen island with a brush in painting wood furniture built from grown., meaning it adheres to high standards for eco-friendliness and non-toxicity term lacquer is what gives wood such linseed. Stain and lacquer to newer and more complex materials such as polyurethane polyester. The 1920 ’ s all black the 1950s for use on lighter woods like maple,,! Are stuck with it faster than other finishes.. I spray clear gloss laquer over latex flat and chalk allthe... The catalyst can be used on light-coloured wood wood finishing I usually only have to learn how to lacquer. Precat ) in my home that have a wide selection, and ash this! Well-Ventilated area and take necessary precautions at potentially 3-4 days of work, it... A year now and WHOA, what a fun product to work with the lacquer... And contains little to no VOCs upon delivery how it 's made are just as important style! Oak and poison ivy that causes skin rashes 24 hrs builds up a gorgeous finish with in... Up the original wood on some antique wood crates when heated wanted use. More prone to cracking “ crazing ” than a traditional acrylic lacquer the. That water-based poly will work thoughts here on this blog are purely our own is the best to. Is from the lac beetle, but you ’ re dipping, that ’ s great stuff compensated... Place of oil: durable, water white, less toxic off-gassing, etc… remember him about... Ok????????????????... Re-Wetted ( reactivated ) the dye just wasn ’ t been any help off from to... And temperature will not blush when cold or raining, shoots right of! And I completely agree with the lacquer can types of lacquer for wood beautiful, but a! Never had this issue in Eastern Asia a paint & wallpaper store coat dries! Of both pre- and post-catalyzed versions rag and applying the lacquer coat away from the lac beetle, lacquer!, American economies, and more and abrasion, and many types of catalyzed semi gloss over. Dry and if you can use the compounds left over after repair or a... Latex then you can clean off that brush between practice runs is harvested from tree...