The Oct. 28, 1707 Hōei earthquake struck south-central Japan at 2 p.m. local time. Read Wikipedia in Modernized UI. The 28 October 1707 M w 8.7 Hoei earthquake ruptured five segments of the Nankai Trough . The Oct. 28, 1707 Hōei earthquake struck south-central Japan at 2 p.m. local time. The great earthquake in 1707 may have changed pressure in the magma under Mount Fuji. [4] It caused moderate to severe damage throughout southwestern Honshu, Shikoku and southeastern Kyūshū. A tsunami was generated from the quake, sea level readings suggest. Movement on this convergent plate boundary leads to many earthquakes, some of them of megathrust type. Line: 24 1776. According to the USGS, the earthquake struck 62 miles from Iquique, Chile. It followed several weeks after the Great Hōei earthquake: Along the southwestern coast of Kōchi, the average increase in sea level was 7.7 m. In some places it rose up to 10.2 m. Changes in stress caused by large earthquakes may be enough to cause volcanic eruptions, when the magma system of the volcano is close to a critical state. [13], The magnitude of the 1707 event exceeded that of both the 1854 Tōkai and Nankai earthquakes, based on several observations. "Hoei" redirects here. Message: Undefined variable: user_membership, File: /home/ah0ejbmyowku/public_html/application/views/user/popup_modal.php American Revolutionary War: A British proclamation forbids residents from leaving Boston. It was the largest earthquake in Japanese history[1] until surpassed by the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake. [18], Evidence suggests that changes in stress caused by large earthquakes may be sufficient to trigger volcanic eruptions, assuming that the magma system involved is close to a critical state. and Furumura et al., who estimated the parameters through modeling the geographic distribution of tsunami deposits (Figure 1 and Table S1). It covered an area of 1.8 km2 with an estimated volume of 120 million m3. Each time, the northeastern part broke before the southwestern part. 11 November 1707 (Hōei 4, 14th day of the 10th month): 1707 Hōei earthquake, also called the "Great Hōei Earthquake". The 1707 Hōei earthquake, which occurred at 14:00 local time on October 28, 1707, was the largest in Japanese history until the 2011 Sendai earthquake surpassed it. The 1707 Hōei earthquake, which occurred at 14:00 local time on October 28, 1707, was the largest in Japanese history. This landslide was one of the three largest in Japan and is called the Ohya Landslide. 1952 Kamchatka earthquake. The 1707 Hōei earthquake (Hōei jishin 宝永地震) struck south-central Japan at 14:00 local time on 28 October. 1868 Arica earthquake. American Revolutionary War: Battle of White Plains: British Army forces arrive at White Plains, attack and capture Chatterton Hill from the Americans. 29,000 houses were destroyed and more than 5,000 people were killed. Several observations show that the Hōei earthquake was bigger. In addition to the two earthquakes in 1854, there were similar earthquakes in 1944 and 1946. [3] This event ruptured all of the segments of the Nankai megathrust simultaneously, the only earthquake known to have done this, with an estimated magnitude of 8.6 ML or 8.7 Mw. Events of the Hōei era. Last updated July 2014 Largest Earthquakes by Richter Scale Magnitude Date Earthquake Name Place Richter Scale Magnitude Note May 22, 1960 1960 Valdivia earthquake Valdivia, Chile 9.5 March 27, 1964 1964 Alaska earthquake Prince William Sound, Alaska, USA 9.2 December 26, 2004 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake Indian Ocea The 1707 was stronger than both. At Cape Muroto, Kōchi, a cliff was raised up about 2.3 m in 1707, but just 1.5 m in 1854. [2] It might also have triggered the last eruption of Mount Fuji 49 days later.[6]. 1611 Sanriku earthquake. Function: require_once. In the Kawachi Plain area, the earthquake was around 6 - 7 on the JMA scale. Several observations show that the Hōei earthquake was bigger. Line: 478 Several observations show that the Hōei earthquake was bigger. The uplift at Cape Muroto, Kōchi is estimated at 2.3 m in 1707 compared to 1.5 m in 1854, the presence of an area of seismic intensity of 6–7 on the JMA scale in Kawachi Plain, the degree of damage and inundations heights for the corresponding tsunami and records of tsunami at distant locations, such as Nagasaki and Jeju-do, South Korea. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. [6] The 1707 earthquake may have triggered a shift in static stress that led to pressure changes in the magma chamber beneath Mount Fuji: the volcano erupted on 16 December 1707, 49 days after the quake. In the Kawachi Plain area, the earthquake was around 6 - 7 on the JMA scale. This is particularly true within the Bungo Channel, where significant inconsistencies exist between historical records and model-derived tsunami heights. 2010 Chile earthquake. In the Nara Basin, the earthquake made the soil behave like a liquid. For other uses, see Hoei (disambiguation). At Cape Muroto, Kōchi, a cliff was raised up about 2.3 m in 1707, but just 1.5 m in 1854. 1762 Arakan earthquake. In 1707, the earthquakes were either at the same time, or close enough together so that writing from that time do not describe them separately. Also, the amount of damage and height of the water from tsunami showed the strength of the earthquake. This was the largest historical earthquake to shake Japan prior to the 2011 Tohoku‐Oki earthquake. The 1707 was stronger than both. [12] The Nara Basin shows evidence of event-induced liquefaction. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. Fuji, was the location of the 1707 eruption that spewed ash as far as Edo. The 1707 Hōei earthquake happened at 14:00 local time on 28 October 1707. 1906 Ecuador–Colombia quake. 1775. The 1707 Hōei earthquake struck south-central Japan at 14:00 local time on 28 October. There were two other very large earthquakes: the 1854 Ansei-Tōkai and Ansei-Nankai earthquakes. Function: view, File: /home/ah0ejbmyowku/public_html/application/controllers/Main.php The southern coast of Honshu runs in the same direction as the Nankai Trough. [7][8] The segments have ruptured either singly or together repeatedly over the last 1,300 years. At the time, it was the largest earthquake in Japanese history. Line: 192 Coin minted in the Hōei era. At the time, it was the largest earthquake in Japanese history. Type: Tsunami Earthquake Casualties: 30,000 Location: Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu Date: October 28, 1707. We used the earthquake source parameters from An'naka et al. A 6.9-foot wave was reported off Iquique. [11] One of Japan's three largest, it buried a 1.8 km2 area under an estimated 120 million m3 of debris. Function: _error_handler, File: /home/ah0ejbmyowku/public_html/application/views/page/index.php Line: 479 1960 Valdivia Earthquake (9.5 Mw) The 1960 Valdivia earthquake or Great Chilean Earthquake of … Until March 11, 2011, many historical seismologists regarded the 1707 Hōei Earthquake as the most powerful known earthquake to have shaken Japan. The 1707 Hōei earthquake, which occurred at 14:00 local time on October 28, 1707, was the largest earthquake in Japanese history until the 2011 Tōhoku earthquakethis, with a surpassed it. [edit] Hōei eruption. Including an additional area at the southwestern end, part of the so-called Hayuga-nada segment, gave a better match, with a total rupture length in the range 675–700 km. The different parts have broken either one at a time or all together many times over the last 1,300 years. This kind of quake often happens in pairs with a relatively short time between them. Until March 11, 2011, many historical seismologists regarded the 1707 Hōei Earthquake as the most powerful known earthquake to have shaken Japan. At Cape Muroto, Kōchi, a cliff was raised up about 2.3 m in 1707, but just 1.5 m in 1854. In the Kawachi Plain ar… Function: _error_handler, File: /home/ah0ejbmyowku/public_html/application/views/user/popup_harry_book.php It caused moderate to severe damage throughout southwestern Honshu, Shikoku and southeastern Kyūshū. Function: view, File: /home/ah0ejbmyowku/public_html/index.php 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake. ; 16 December 1707 (Hōei 4, 23nd day of the 11th month): After the eruption of Mount Fuji, cinders and ash fell like rain in Izu, Kai, Sagami, and Musashi. 1833 Sumatra earthquake. Function: view, "Catalog of Damaging Earthquakes in the World (Through 2009)", "Groundwater and Coastal Phenomena Preceding the 1944 Tsunami (Tonankai Earthquake)", "Magnitude 8.9 – NEAR THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN 2011 March 11 05:46:23 UTC", "Historical maximum seismic intensity maps in Japan from 1586 to 2004: construction of database and application", "Status of historical seismology in Japan", "Liquefaction Caused by the 1707 Hoei Earthquake as Observed in the Nara Basin, Central Japan", "The 1707 Hoei Earthquake, as an Example of a combined Gigantic Tokai-Nankai Earthquake", "The Nankai Trough earthquake tsunamis in Korea: numerical studies of the 1707 Hoei earthquake and physics-based scenarios", "A revised tsunami source model for the 1707 Hoei earthquake and simulation of tsunami inundation of Ryujin Lake, Kyushu, Japan", "Field investigations of the Nankaido Tsunamis in 1707 and 1854 along the South-west coast of Shikoku", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=1707_Hōei_earthquake&oldid=997444808. The 1998 Ryukyu Islands earthquake (石垣島南方沖地震, Ishigakijima nanpō-oki jishin) occurred on May 4, 1998, at 08:30 local time (UTC+9) (on May 3 at 23:30 UTC) in the Philippine Sea region with M w 7.5 (USGS) and M7.7 (JMA). It was the largest earthquake in Japanese history until … [4] In the recorded history of the Nankai Trough earthquakes the 1707 Hoei earthquake (hereafter called the Hoei earthquake) was the largest shock in modern Japanese history. It was the largest earthquake in Japanese history. This page was last modified on 23 December 2020, at 02:10. [10] In the 1707 event, the earthquakes were either simultaneous, or close enough in time to not be distinguished by historical sources. 1707 Hōei earthquake. There were two other very large earthquakes: the 1854 Ansei-Tōkai and Ansei-Nankai earthquakes. On October 28, 1707, an enormous quake measuring 8.6 in magnitude hit the regions of Honshu, Kyushu, and Shikoku. It caused moderate to severe damage throughout southwestern Honshu, Shikoku and southeastern Kyūshū. This marks the place where the Philippine Sea Plate moves under the Eurasian Plate. [15][16], Along the southwestern coast of Kōchi, run-up heights averaged 7.7 m with up to 10 m in places;[17] 25.7 m high at Kure, Nakatosa, Kōchi, and 23 m at Tanezaki. [2], File: /home/ah0ejbmyowku/public_html/application/views/user/popup_modal.php It generated tsunami waves that washed through the coast of Honshū from Suruga Bay southward, through much of Shikoku, and parts of northern Kyūshū. In the Kawachi Plain ar… The latest eruption, in 1707 (the 4th year of the Hōei era), was known as the great Hōei eruption. 1950 Assam–Tibet earthquake. At Cape Muroto, Kōchi, a cliff was raised up about 2.3 m in 1707, but just 1.5 m in 1854. 2011 Tōhoku earthquake. A massive earthquake of magnitude 8.2 struck off northern Chile's coast on Tuesday evening, causing a tsunami and resulting in multiple deaths. 11 November 1707 ( Hōei 4, 14th day of the 10th month ): 1707 Hōei earthquake, also called the "Great Hōei Earthquake". The Nankai megathrust has five parts (A-E) that can break one by one. 1707 Hōei Earthquake. The 1707 Hōei earthquake, which occurred at 14:00 local time on October 28, 1707, was the largest earthquake in Japanese history until the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake surpassed it.It caused moderate to severe damage throughout southwestern Honshu, Shikoku and southeastern Kyūshū. 1707 Hōei earthquake is largely thought to be the flood event of record for southwestern Japan, yet historical documentation of the event is scarce. Movement on this boundary causes many earthquakes; some of them are megathrust earthquakes. October 28, 1707 – The 1707 Hōei earthquake causes more than 5,000 deaths in Honshu, Shikoku and Kyūshū, Japan December 16, 1707 – Last recorded eruption of Mount Fuji in Japan. [5] The earthquake, and the resulting destructive tsunami, caused more than 5,000 casualties. October 23, 1707 – The first Parliament of Great Britain meets. The earthquake, and the resulting destructive tsunami, caused more than 5,000 casualties. Initial estimates of 605 km, based on four segments rupturing failed to explain tsunami deposits discovered at the western end of the trough. The 1707 was stronger than both. Line: 315 There are also records of tsunami at distant locations, such as Nagasaki and Jeju-do, South Korea. Are you sure you want to cancel your membership with us? There were two other very large earthquakes: the 1854 Ansei-Tōkai and Ansei-Nankai earthquakes. 869 Sanriku earthquake. The epicenter was 260 km (162 mi) from Ishigaki Island, Japan, 400 km (249 mi) from Basco, Philippines, and 425 km (264 mi) from Hualian, Taiwan. The earthquake caused at least one major landslide in Shizuoka. Several observations show that the Hōei earthquake was bigger. 1700 Cascadia earthquake. The Hoei Crater, visible to the right of the peak of Mt. The 1707 earthquake decreased the normal stress on the dike at 20 km, the proposed depth of a basaltic magma chamber, by 1.06 bars (0.106 MPa). Line: 68 [9] Megathrust earthquakes on this structure tend to occur in pairs, with a relatively short time gap between them: In addition to two events in 1854, a similar pair occurred in 1944 and 1946. Also, the amount of damage and height of the water from tsunami showed the strength of the earthquake. Line: 208 The earthquake caused more than 5,000 casualties, destroyed 29,000 houses, and triggered at least one major landslide, the Ohya slide in Shizuoka. In the 7th year of Hōei, the Ryukyan mission to Edo was received by the shogun. Hōei (宝永) was the era spanning the years from March 1704 through April 1711. [14], The length of the rupture has been estimated from the modelling of the observed tsunami and the location of tsunami deposits. Line: 107 Function: _error_handler, File: /home/ah0ejbmyowku/public_html/application/views/page/index.php The Nankai megathrust has five distinct segments (A-E) that can rupture independently. The 1707 Hōei earthquake (Hōei jishin 宝永地震) struck south-central Japan at 14:00 local time on 28 October. The southern coast of Honshu runs parallel to the Nankai Trough, which marks the subduction of the Philippine Sea Plate beneath the Eurasian Plate. The 1707 Hōei earthquake causes more than 5,000 deaths in Honshu, Shikoku and Kyūshū, Japan. The tsunami that followed the earthquake raised water along the coast. 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