To know more about the cultivation process and maintenance details, read on…. Red ferruginous loam is the most common soil on which sandal tree occurs, the underlying rock often is metamorphic and chiefly gneiss. – Indian Sandalwood is highly prized due to its aromatic fragrant wood. Natural sandalwood trees can be found in Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh in India. This method is adopted in open scrub jungles with lot of bushes. Conservation action for economically important sandalwood of India needs to be guided by an authentic knowledge base on such plant species. The ownership of sandalwood trees grown on private lands now vests with the landowners. This is the only condition left. Afforesting barren lands with Sandalwood trees using commercial farming and proven scientific cultivation techniques. Depending on 11 borewells and two open wells, he cultivated banana, pomegranate and lime in the rest of the land. India was contributing 85% of world’s trade of Sandalwood but it has been reduced to a negligible level in recent years. Indian Sandalwood is known as “Royal Tree” & it is associated with Indian culture & heritage. Sandalwood is now cultivated in India, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines and Northern Australia. The septa at the nodes are removed and one end of the pole is sharpened or a hollow metal piece is attached. As per the proposed amendment to the Karnataka Tree Act 1927, the forest department allows individuals to freely grow and own sandalwood trees. High risk periods of high spore count in the air and what weather events cause a greater presence of spores. You must plan out the complete process in advance, in order to get high ROI (Return on Investment). To his advantage, in 2012 the Kabini dam water reached his farm through the canals. 211 forest guards are appointed for the protection of these sandalwood trees. Planting Polybag Seedlings (Raised in the Nurseries). Seed production generally is good in one of the seasons. It has modified roots called haustoria which penetrate host plants and draw nutrition from them. Return on Sandalwood Tree in India. Its market price ranges between Rs 3,000 and Rs 7,000 per kg, with the top-quality sandalwood sometimes sold at around Rs 10,000 per kg. Sandalwood does best in places with lots of sun, moderate rainfall, and fairly dry weather for part of the year. – The oil extracted from sandalwood is used in perfumes, cosmetics, aromatherapy and medicinal preparations. How does tree start production of heartwood? Sandal trees freely produce seed and natural regeneration occurs both via seedlings and through root suckers after trees have been uprooted and the stump removed from the ground. Ø      Dibbling of seeds in pits or mounds, Ø      Planting container or polybag raised seedlings in the nurseries. Silviculture guidelines to minimize fungal attack risk to the Tropical sandalwood industry. The two trees form a symbiotic relationship throughout the life of the sandalwood tree. The occurrence of heartwood varies. Your email address will not be published. Stem borers Zeuzera coffease Nietn (red borer) Indarbela quardinotata Walker (bark-feeding caterpillar) and Aristobia octofasiculata Aurivillius (heartwood borer) are some of the pests causing considerable damage to living trees. The annual rainfall should be in the range of 850-1200 millimeters (33-47 inches). Does the concept of investing in nature excite you? Is buying farmland a good investment in a city like Bangalore? Australian Sandalwood is a unique native tree crop, grown for its high value aromatic heartwood over a 20 – 25 year rotation, with potential to generate income from the oil rich nuts from age 5 as new products are developed. Sandalwood oil also known as fragrance oil, perfume oil, body oil. The felled tree is transported to the sandalwood depot and is auctioned after completing necessary formalities. Once a sandalwood tree is eight years old, the heartwood of the tree starts to form and is ready to be harvested after 12 to 15 years from planting. Although it is available in some other countries still the Indian Sandalwood has retained its dominance over other sources because of its quality. Each cell in a tree carries out all […], Focus on better farming for better productivity and prosperity India has been a prosperous country for time immemorial with agriculture as its main occupation. Traditionally, we in India have gone with two time-tested options – gold and land. Once a sandalwood tree is eight years old, the heartwood of the tree starts to form and is ready to be harvested after 12 to 15 years from planting. 5,37,450 Land & other infrastructures per acre Rs. But, a policy change by these governments in 2002 allowed people to grow sandalwood. In today’s context of ‘Global warming’ an alarming emergency, wood is the most carbon neutral material available. Thank you Hosachiguru for the information! But here a perennial host plant is also grown along with sandal either on the mound or in the pit. At the time of planting in the field a perennial host, if given, increases the growth of sandal, otherwise it shows stunted growth with pale yellow leaves and ultimately dies in about one year. Sandalwood can grow in a variety of soil types including red clay soils, sandy soils and clay-rich black soils and can tolerate gravelly soil and rocky hard ground. The Indian sandalwood tree (Santalaum album) is perhaps the planet’s most expensive wood, because of its cosmetic and therapeutic value. Sandalwood is light demanding and can be easily suppressed by faster-growing species. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. at Marayur in Idukki district. Sandalwood is in high demand (about 20,000 metric tons and oil 1000 tons) in the international markets and the current production across the world does not meet this demand which has led to a drastic rise in the sandalwood price. Provision has been made for payment of market value to owner of sandalwood trees. })(window,document,'script','https://www.google-analytics.com/analytics.js','ga');

But, the most fundamental of all issues is not the scarcity of water, but weak water management practices. Involving common people, corporates and NGOs to invest in this venture in order to gain holistically from a ‘Restorative Economy’ while uplifting the ecology of the area. Sandalwood was once considered as the primary source of Mysore state economy where the entire budget was planned based on sandalwood. In sandalwood tree cultivation sowing mainly done by the seeds. The best hosts for sandalwood are nitrogen-fixing trees because the growth of sandalwood depends on the availability of amino acids, and the host plant should not compete with the sandalwood for nutrients (SPC, source , 2005). Sandalwood Cultivation – be a part of a thriving economical segment. Many of these people migrate to find a better livelihood and lifestyle in the cities. 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